Monte Rosso (600 m asl - SE side), whose name derives from the characteristic reddish color of the ground, is a volcanic cone formed during one of the most impressive and extensive eruptions of Etna, that of 15 July 1329. Today, on the flanks and inside this extinct crater, there are the ancient centenary vineyards with free cultivation, as per the best Etnea tradition, with vines supported with the classic chestnut pole. The south-east exposure makes this area particularly sunny and the typical lava stone terraces help to make the most of the particular micro-climate. The sea breeze, due to the proximity of the coast; the considerable rainfall (800 mm per year - October / March); the altitude and; the volcanic soil give rise to wines with a decidedly unique and intense character.
Etna is the highest active volcano in Europe, located in the north-eastern sector of Sicily, it reaches 3,329m asl and has a vineyard area of 3,000 hectares. The soil of the Etna area was formed by the crumbling of one or more types of lava of different ages and is characterized by a strong presence of mineral salts and a rich biodiversity with naturalistic and agricultural landscapes ranging from sub-tropical to purely mountain ones. The vineyards of the Etna DOC, mainly between 400 and 1000 m above sea level, are strongly influenced by the climate which varies considerably in relation to the slope and altitude. In the foothills, in fact, the climate is cooler and more ventilated than the rest of Sicily, with very low temperatures in winter and never too high in summer, and with significant temperature fluctuations between day and night. They still retain, almost unchanged, all the characteristic elements that have made them unique over time: small stony and steep plots, terraces with dry stone walls in lava stone, elegant residences and ancestral millstones. The viticulture of Etna boasts the presence of significant native vines, such as theNerello Mascalese and Carricante, and a production of wines with significant different complexities, essential elements to promote the typicality and uniqueness of this area.